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currency: Kenyan shilling (KES)
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Kenya profile
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value
Kenya history
Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on March 4, 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
Conventional short form: Kenya
Local long form: Republic of Kenya/Jamhuri ya Kenya
Local short form: Kenya
Formerly known as: British East Africa
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Kenya's capital city is Nairobi
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Kenya Constitution:
27 August 2010; note - the new constitution introduced major institutional, electoral, and structural reforms, including devolution of power to 47 counties and establishment of a bicameral legislature; Implementation of all elements of the constitution is scheduled to take five years and requires significant legislative action, much of which has been taken
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Kenya population growth rate: 2.444%
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Kenya highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
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Kenya lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
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About 9% of Kenya's land is arable.
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Tana River is the Longest River in Kenya
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Kenya birth rate is 32 births/1,000 population
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Kenya infant mortality rate is 44 deaths/1,000 live births
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Kenya fertility rate is 3.76 children born/woman
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Kenya climate:
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
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Top 10 cities of Kenya with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Nairobi: 2,750,547
2. Mombasa: 799,668
3. Nakuru: 259,903
4. Eldoret: 218,446
5. Kisumu: 216,479
6. Thika: 99,322
7. Kitale: 75,123
8. Malindi: 68,304
9. Garissa: 67,861
10. Kakamega: 63,426
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Kenya ethnic groups:
Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
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Kenya Exports:
tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement
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Kenya Imports:
machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics
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unicameral National Assembly or Bunge usually referred to as Parliament (224 seats; 210 members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms, 12 nominated members appointed by the president but selected by the parties in proportion to their parliamentary vote totals, 2 ex-officio members); note - the constitution promulgated in August 2010 changes the legislature to a bicameral parliament consisting of a 349 member National Assembly and a 67 member Senate; parliament members will serve five year terms

Administrative Divisions:
7 provinces

1. Central
2. Coast
3. Eastern
4. North Eastern
5. Nyanza
6. Rift Valley
7. Western

note - the constitution promulgated in August 2010 designates 47 yet-to-be-defined counties as first-order administrative units

and 1 area:

1. Nairobi Area
Political parties and leaders:
Kenya African National Union or KANU [Gideon MOI]; The National Party Alliance or TNA [Uhuru KENYATTA]; National Rainbow Coalition-Kenya or NARC-Kenya [Martha KARUA]; Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya or ODM-K [Kalonzo MUSYOKA]; Party of National Unity or PNU [Mwai KIBAKI]; United Democratic Forum Party or UDF [Musalia Mudavadi]; United Republican Party or URP [William Ruto]; Wiper Democratic Movement or WDM [Kalonzo MUSYOKA]